The overall objective of this project is to enable the utilization of various biomass residue streams in residential heating applications in a sustainable manner. Even the most advanced residential heating systems are currently unable to handle the difficult, inconsistent properties of agricultural and forestry residue streams. Within Residue2Heat, a two-step approach is followed in which biomass residue streams are first converted into a uniform, 2nd generation liquid biofuel via fast pyrolysis. Secondly, existing residential heating systems are tailored and optimized to allow the use of this standardized biofuel.
Direct combustion of biomass residues is feasible in a conventional fire-place. This however doesn’t meet the comfort standards of current society. In addition, overall efficiencies are low and emissions high.