There is a consensus throughout Europe that in the age of climate change fossil fuels must be gradually replaced by renewable energy sources. In addition to energy saving measures, it will also be necessary in the future to provide fuels for industry, households and transport. In the field of residential heating a significant contribution to CO2 reduction can be created by accelerating modernization of the predominantly outdated heating systems. In order to introduce Fast Pyrolysis bio-oil (FPBO) in the residential heating market reliable data need to become available to initiate a standardization process in the working group of CEN/TC19/WG411 and for REACH (Registration, Evaluation and Authorization of Chemicals). In particular, the analysis techniques proposed in REACH registration for polar and nonpolar compounds are not properly validated yet, and hardly any data on FPBOs from non-wood biomass has been included. A gas chromatography method to quantitatively characterize methanol, formaldehyde and furfural in FPBO will be developed and validated. This work focused on applying headspace gas chromatography combined with electron capture detector and flame ionization detector (HS-GC−ECF/FID) to determine polar compounds methanol, formaldehyde and furfural in FPBOs. VTT’s in house method for water based materials was used as basis. Based on the results obtained in this study the method suits well for the determination of polar compounds of FPBOs.
|D3.9 Method development and validation of formaldehyde, methanol, furfural determination by GC|