There is a consensus throughout Europe that in the age of climate change fossil fuels must be gradually replaced by renewable energy sources. In addition to energy saving measures, it will also be necessary in the future to provide fuels for industry, households and transport. In the field of residential heating a significant contribution to CO2 reduction can be created by accelerating modernization of the predominantly outdated heating systems. A balanced technology mix must be warranted in order to ensure security of supply and innovative competition in the technologies. Therefore, besides energy efficient building refurbishment, wind and solar energy use, heat pump and cogeneration systems, the highly efficient heating technology with regenerative fuels should also be further explored. The Fast Pyrolysis Bio-oil fuel (FPBO), which is derived from organic residues, offers a wide range of advantages and possibilities. In contrast to biogas or vegetable oils, pyrolysis oil does not compete with food-producing agriculture or forestry. Instead, it can selectively introduce biological residues, such as friar wood or straw, into the energy circuit in an environmentally friendly manner. The investigation of the European market for domestic heating oil (DHO) shows that fossil fuel oil is used to a considerable extent, which currently contains a limited amount of regenerative bio-oil (FAME). With the use of pyrolysis oil, the regenerative portion in the fuel is to be increased considerably, thereby enabling a customary operating mode of using the heating system, which still allows longtime storage of fuels in an easy way. The following study shows the energy supply situation of the building heating system in Europe and gives an impression of the possibilities and the market opportunities of the new regenerative liquid fuel FPBO.
This report will be a guideline for the financial assessment in the Residue2Heat project of the competitiveness of FPBO as a replacement for domestic heating oil. The past and current DHO prices and available incentives form a basis to determine a competitive price range for FPBO. Especially market information is gathered from the key countries (Austria, Belgium, Germany, Italy and United Kingdom). Relevant market information necessary for the future financial assessment for the competitiveness of FPBO are listed among them number of annual sold residential heating systems based on DHO and its usage in the key countries. Furthermore, the consumer prices for residential heating using domestic heating oil, natural gas, electricity and pellets are listed. Finally, an assessment of incentives and taxes in the key countries relevant for FPBO introduction has been performed.
|D7.5 DHO in 5 key countries|